What China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has to offer Pakistan?

By Mehar-un-nisa

The CPEC project will include building new roads, a 1,800-kilometre railway line and a network of oil pipelines to connect Kashgar in China’s western Xinjiang region to the port of Gwadar.

Establishment of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) was first proposed by Chinese premier Li Keqiang during his visit to Pakistan in May 2013.“Our two sides should focus on carrying out priority projects in connectivity, energy development and power generation,” Li said at the time.

CPEC framework covers many projects of various areas including energy, ports, infrastructure and industrial collaboration. A number of agreements and memorandums of understanding (MoUs) have been signed in this regard.

Being the core component of the CPEC, Gwadar holds a very important position in the China’s vision for ‘One Road, One Belt’.

Pak-China Industrial Corridor

China is already working on Gwadar Port to catch international market in near future. The strong infrastructure built on Port has the ability to increase the economic activity drastically. With infrastructure designed for larger ships along with the development of other means of transportation will eventually result in making a strong transportation network thus, economic activities will boost the trade.

Despite looming danger of terrorism in Pakistan, Chinese investors have trust in Pakistan and they are looking forward to invest in various projects. The Faith of Chinese businessmen in Pakistan is a source of relief as they believe that the investments they are putting in Pakistan are safe as both the countries enjoy excellent relations at government and public level.

This ‘all weather strategic cooperative partnership’ is real good news for the said two countries!

In his recent visit (referred as ‘fate-changing visit’) to Pakistan on 19th April, President Xi Jinping’s agreed to invest $46 billion in Pakistan in the said projects.

His interest to develop and strengthen maritime research sector in Pakistan is also very appreciative. The concern of both Countries over maritime strategies, security, marine economy, exploration and utilisation of marine resources, marine scientific research and environmental protection will certainly result in the development of maritime sector.

Moreover, the establishment of a Joint Marine Scientific Research Centre in Pakistan is another agreement which would hold and facilitate the training course for South Asian countries on maritime scientific research.

PM Mian Nawaz Shareef said about the agreements held during the visit of Xi Jinping, “They have sound financial and technical backing and are being put on a fast track. We are starting a fresh phase in our geo-economic partnership that will create new jobs, start businesses, promote education and professional training and help eradicate poverty. This corridor will become a symbol for peace and prosperity.”

PM considers that the economic corridor will transform the dimension of the two countries’ bilateral relationship.

Circumstances seem to be beneficial for both countries. Chances are high that this project would flourish peacefully as all political parties of Pakistan have assured their corporation and support to CPEC. It “seems” like there would not be any disturbance from political parties.

Only time will tell the outcome!

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Re-establishing E-Books Reading Trend

By Mehar-un-nisa

On a refreshing evening of March 2015 I, for the 1st time in my entire life, felt that even words fail to express a particular moment at times. Motivated, hopeful or perhaps optimistic would be my words. I don’t know which one goes best to explain my state.

Long ago, I, with the help of my virtual friend created a page on Facebook as Book Addicts Cafe“. Together we used to upload e-books in different formats on various subjects. Most of the books on this page fall in the genre of English Literature.

The main objective of its creation is to spread knowledge and facilitate readers across the globe. All a reader has to do is to check the album of page. Each book is uploaded over there with a cover photo so that readers don’t have to check each post on wall. It saves time indeed!

Initially I was very active. I spent many days searching books and uploading photos. However, with the passage of time I lost track and became very busy in life.

Later, a thought (saying it a “terrible” would be more appropriate) bothered me a lot that I stopped uploading books. The thought was: who is reading these books Mehru? Why do you need to worry about it? I mean those who love reading will keep reading anyway. Why waste so efforts when nobody is reading these books.

Although there are tremendous benefits of e-books it’s cheap, easy to carry anywhere without any weight but it all counts when you get feedback from readers. When nobody responding how can I carry it on?

Besides, living in a developing country like Pakistan, with a limited access to the latest technologies reduces the reach of e-books in masses. Reading e-books is not a growing trend in Pakistan. Only a handful of people enjoying latest technology have the freedom to access e-books easily. So why bother?

I was fine with my thoughts until now when I received a message from my University friend.

We got chance to chat after a long time. After greeting the second thing she asked was,”You are not uploading books these days” and I was shocked to see that someone on earth is interested to read e-books especially in Pakistan. Plus, apart from me someone really cares about “Book Addicts Café”. Knowing about it was a fresh breath indeed!

Then, she went on to every detail of the page and said she just finished reading all books which are already uploaded. And I was like oh my! I asked her if she follows it. She agreed. She requested me to find an updated edition of a book and upload it soon.

The very striking moment opened a new window of perception. I realized nothing on earth is wasted if done with dedication and passion. My sincere efforts were never wasted.

I was helping someone…..somewhere!

I believe that the time is not far away when global trend of reading e-books will flourish in Pakistan, too.

Having realized it, now I am going to upload books soon on Book Addicts Cafe although I wouldn’t be able to upload as frequently as I used to do in past. I was student back then. Now I am working. Managing a job with other activities is quite difficult task.

But that by any way doesn’t mean that I will leave my page.

E-books will be uploaded. Book addicts have my words!

Leo Tolstoy’s search for the meaning of life

by Mehar-un-nisa

Some personalities are difficult to describe in few words, yet a long series of words are not sufficient enough to cater all the aspects of their personality. They are not fixed in one domain. They resemble to diamond which sparks from different angles. Each spark is quite distinct from another. Likewise, some personalities give different shades. This unique identity differentiates them from others. Leo Tolstoy can be credited to have such a versatile personality.

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Leo Tolstoy is not only a renowned philosopher but also a great teacher and a famous author as well. As a philosopher he has played his role in the best possible manner. As an Author he is regarded as one of the greatest Writer on earth. As a teacher he is also respected. His personality not only carries only these colors but he had other traits that separate him from others of his time. He is remembered for his social activities and major influence on Christian Anarchism.  He is renowned as grandfather of non-violent revolution.

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Story does not end here. Tolstoy got personally involved in famine relief for Russian peasants. He donated sizable amounts of his of funds, traveled, organized, and solicited help from others on behalf of the starving peasants. The apostle Paul encouraged Christians to “remember the poor,” which he was “eager to do”—and often some modern Evangelicals seem reluctant to do. He was an educational innovator in launching and teaching at a free school for peasant children. He also grieved over his own family’s wealth when so many around them were living at the barest minimum. Furthermore, he vehemently indicted legalized oppression of the poor. Consistent with his own theology, he practiced.

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In 1892, Leo Tolstoy was born at, and most of his life revolved around, his estate at Yasnaya Polyana, 130 miles southwest of Moscow. He belong to a landlord family (orthox). About that time he inherited Yasnaya Polyana with at least 5,000 acres and 330 male serfs and their families. One indicator of their family wealth was that the later Tolstoys sent all their laundry out once a year from Russia to Holland in order to have it done!

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He entered Kazan University in 1844 and left it after three years as he found it not to be his cup of tea. He was wandering here and there in pursuit of his desirable field but his plight never allowed him to get what his powerful desire was. He joined the army but again his sensitive personality couldn’t afford to tolerate such intense level of violence. He wanted nothing more than a simple country living.

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Here, Tolstoy emerges as a creative and versatile author. Every word written by his pen has such a tendency to directly influence the thought of readers. His each piece of writing is a master piece. The fashion to express his clandestine feelings differentiates him from many others of his age. He is a shining star on the horizon of English literature. The shine of this star illuminates the literature with beautiful piece of writings.

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His literary work includes both fiction and nonfiction. The essence of religion can be felt in his work.  What I Believe (also called My Religion), what Then Must We Do? , The Death of Ivan Ilych, The Kreutzer Sonata, The Kingdom of God Is Within You, What Is Art?, Resurrection, Appeal to the Clergy are some of his writings. However the novels that become the master piece not just for the Tolstoy but for the literature as well are;  the war and peace and Anna karinina.

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Many specialists in the field of literature would place Tolstoy’s War and Peace or Anna Karenina (or both) on the list of the top ten world’s greatest novels. William Lyon Phelps summarized: “War and Peace is the greatest romance in the Russian language, perhaps the greatest in any language.”

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These both novels are written in such a natural way that anybody could have doubted of its reality. The effect of fiction is faded with the shade of sheer reality that he makes through his enchanting writing style. This blend of fiction into nonfiction grasps the attention and engages the readers to analyze the different scenarios in story. He has done well to deal with the psychology of each character in a way that it become immortal. The detailed and beautiful representation gives a crystal clear idea of story. He transformed writing into an art, or more simply filled life.

Portrait of leo tolstoy by ivan repin at the tretyakov gallery. (Photo by: Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images)

Tolstoy’s view of God is like trying to get the mercury of a thermometer on one’s fist. His concept for the God was weird from his childhood thus inducing anxiety for the Creator of universe. His confused conception from his childhood had a great influence over him and this shade of his life is quite visible in his writings at several places in the form of different characters.

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In his diary, Tolstoy submitted to his diary on June 14, 1850: “The last three years…I have spent so dissolutely…” Reflecting upon his early religious upbringing, Tolstoy penned: “I was baptized in the Russian Orthodox Christian faith. I was taught it from childhood and through the whole time of my boyhood and youth. But…I at eighteen years of age…no longer believed any of the things I had been taught.” He says that his apostasy began at fifteen. By sixteen he had quit praying and taking communion, yet “I believed in something…I did not deny God, but what kind of a God, I should have been at a loss to say.”

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One of Tolstoy’s principal characters, Prince Andrei in War and Peace (on which the author was working from 1862 through 1869), wrestled with the God-question. Andrei reflected on “to whom” he should ask mercy. “Either (there is) a power infinite, inconceivable to which I cannot appeal…or nothing.” Christ is his second option or “there is nothing, nothing certain but the nothingness of all that is incomprehensible to us…”

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In 1875 he was drowned in the ocean of grief as his wife mentions his mental condition as dead. The gloomy Tolstoy was depressed as he found the cracks in his religious beliefs. As one son (Sergei) assessed the situation: “1877 was a year of crisis in my father’s life. It was then that the complete change in his outlook described by him in A Confession took place.” As Tolstoy documented this charge in My Confession, he summarized: “Thus I lived for about two years, and within me took place a transformation, which had long been working within me, and the germ of which had always been in me.”My Confession was written in 1879 and depicts Tolstoy’s 1874-1879 experience. Biographer R. F. Christian declared about this book: “It is the best introduction to the spiritual struggle he was to wage for the remaining years of his life…”

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In his Confession Tolstoy stated: “I felt there was nothing beneath my feet anymore…And I no longer had any prop to help me live…” About age 50 he thought of suicide. The circle of life was tightened and he found himself miserable. His soul found life unreasonable.

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His keen for the meaning of life takes him to many routes. Worthy life, for him, was not restricted to a luxurious life instead his curiosity insisted him to seek the ultimate truth. Any objectivity connected to it was worth living for him rather just living in the forge of fiction and imagination. He wanted to have a clear idea of the purpose of this life which usually taken as for granted.  His motive was to absorb and feel the objectivity in life on earth.

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He wrestled frequently with purity and life’s purpose. His consistent search for meaning of life and spirituality induced anxiety in his soul. He was looking forward to achieve the satisfaction of heart. He was desperate to find out the exact relationship between his soul and God.  He was attracted towards the reality of the religion.

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His wife writes in her diary  for his condition that “ He had said today that he couldn’t endure much more of this terrible religious conflict with which he has been struggling these past two years, and hoped that the time was near when he could become a thoroughly religious man…”

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On March 5, 1 855, he diaried: “A conversation about divinity has suggested to me a great…idea…the founding of a new religion…:the religion of Christianity, but purged of dogmatism and mysticism; a practical religion not promising future bliss, but giving bliss on earth.”

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This spiritual struggle is reflected in Pierre (in War and Peace), in Levin (in Anna Karenina), and in Prince Nekhludov (in Resurrection). Prince Nekhludov had been feeling the need for “cleansing of the soul.” As a result, “The discord between the demands of conscience and the life he was leading was greater than it had ever been before.”This disequilibrium was experienced right before Nekhludov’s “newly awakened spiritual being.”

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Helen Muchnic wrote concerning Anna’s brother in the latter book: “Levin is one of Tolstoy’s most unmistakable self-portraits” and “Levin’s search for faith is a pale outline of Tolstoy’s own spiritual autobiography.” Levin inwardly admitted that “he was not a believer.” Through a conversation with a peasant, Levin arrived at a spiritual discovery. He discovered “he had been living rightly, but thinking wrongly.” He believed he had discovered the meaning of life—to live for God and the soul. Thus, by 1873 Tolstoy was formulating a form of faith to live by. As he writes in his diary: “God is the illimitable All…Or, even better—God is that illimitable All of which man is conscious of being a limited part…God is not love, but the more love there is in man…, the more truly does (God) exist.”

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His vision was broadened now and the new doors of perception were opened in front of him. Now he was in a state to feel God and the love surrounding the entire globe. What he found that the world was surrounded by an envelope of love and peace.

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Aylmer Maude penned concerning the 50 year-old Tolstoy “that from about the year 1878 Tolstoy became sure of himself …”

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Again, Tolstoy admitted: “Now everything became clear to me.” This discovery of satisfaction has an influence on his writings as well.

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He reflects his discovery at many places. He writes in War and Peace that “Seize the moments of happiness, love and be loved! That is the only reality in the world, all else is folly. It is the one thing we are interested in here.” In “the way men live” he reflects love as “I have now understood that though it seems to mean that they live by care for themselves, in truth it is love alone by which they live. He, who has love, is in God, and God is in him, for God is love.”

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Lastly, he found that the bond between humanity and God is love. He was in the favor of peace. He considered that love and truth have power to conquer devil with harmony. His view describes love as an immortal. It’s immense energy has the ability to fight and defeat every negative aspect causing harm to humanity.

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Later on the same ideology was adopted by Ghandi and Martin Luther King,Jr.,  for the freedom of India and the racial equality in America respectively. His ideology lives till date. His writings, theories and ideas brought the revolution and had a great influence over the centuries.

Gwadar and PCEC are important for both China and Pakistan

By Mehar-un-nisa

“Gwadar is strategically located in proximity of major shipping routes emanating from the Gulf. Gwadar and Pakistan China Economic Corridor (PCEC) are important for both China and Pakistan,” said the CEO of China Overseas Port Holding Company Mr. Zeng Qingsong.

Speaking at Maritime Discourse on the topic “The Future of Gwadar” at Bahria University on 20th March, 2015, he highlighted the significance of the Gwadar Port in the near future. He elaborated the economic and geographic importance of the Gwadar port by comparing statistics of other ports in Pakistan.

The CEO of China Overseas Port Holding Company, Mr. Zeng Qingsong highlighting the economic importance of Gwadar.

The CEO of China Overseas Port Holding Company, Mr. Zeng Qingsong highlighting the economic importance of Gwadar.

Maritime Discourse is a series of lectures, organized by National Centre for Maritime Policy Research (NCMPR). NCMPR organizes maritime discourse twice a year to provide a valuable platform for discussing maritime issues being faced by Pakistan.

The core objective to conduct this discourse was to shed light on the significance of Gwadar Port and the role it can play to boost the economy of Pakistan in future. Gwadar port offers multi-dimensional advantages and will influence the geo-strategic and economic environment in the region.

The Discourse began with the presentation of Director NCMPR Capt. Tariq Masood who highlighted the hinterland connectivity of Gwadar Port.

Guests of Maritime Discourse listening to the presentation of Director NCMPR Capt. Tariq Masood

Guests of Maritime Discourse listening to the presentation of Director NCMPR Capt. Tariq Masood

He said “The hinterland connectivity of Gwadar needs to be seen in detail as the port efficiency largely depends on it Gwadar port has many options to serve the hinterland countries a s well as the neighbor Iran. The central Asian and Chinese individual bases can be connected through CAREC 1 to 6 corridors. Corridor 5 and 6 start from China and Kazakhstan respectively and both of them terminate at Turkham.”

Director NCMPR giving presentation on “hinterland connectivity of Gwadar Port

Director NCMPR giving presentation on “hinterland connectivity of Gwadar Port

Additionally, Pakistan China Economic Corridor terminates at Gwadar. Iranian North South Corridors from Chabahar Bandar-e Abbas and Bushehr  can be connected via the coastal road from Gwadar to Gabd, Such geographic significance of Gwadar in the region can open new door for economic growth and progress” he added.

Hinterland connectivity of Gwada

Hinterland connectivity of Gwada

Director General NCMPR, Vice Admiral Asaf Humayun HI(M) (Retired) in his closing remarks said, “Gwadar is inching towards its development at a slow pace whereas the whole nation desired to see the progress and prosperity at a much faster pace.”

Director General giving his closing remarks

Director General giving his closing remarks

“Two things will actually determine that how fast Gwadar can progress, one is security and the other is connectivity”

He stressed on the need to have due regard to the preservation of environment, which should be a part of all development work in Gwadar  area.

Various intellectuals, senior officers of Pakistan Navy, renowned stakeholders of maritime sector, marine scientists, students of maritime studies and many other dignitaries attended this productive session.

“Activities similar to Maritime Discourse are essential to be conducted on continual basis, in order to create mass awareness regarding maritime sector, which we really need to highlight for the development of Pakistan,“ said Tabassum Naz, a guest.

This blog is originally posted here: https://ncmpr.wordpress.com/2015/04/01/gwadar-and-pcec-are-important-for-both-china-and-pakistan/

How to become a literature searching ninja

The Thesis Whisperer

We often talk about ‘searching the literature’ – but how do you actually do it?

Literature searches are one of those skills that we assume students already have when they get into a PhD. As a consequence we rarely make time to explicitly teach the skills, so it’s probably not surprising that I meet many students who feel like they aren’t doing it ‘right’. Many of these confused students are too afraid to ask for help from their supervisor. I think the fear comes from the feeling that you should know, even if you have never been properly taught.

This fear, by the way, is a good example of the effects of what my friend Dr Mary-Helen Ward would call the ‘hidden curriculum’ of the PhD. The hidden curriculum is created by the environment in which you are located and instills you with the norms and values of your academic…

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Eventbrite Now Available for All of WordPress.com

The WordPress.com Blog

We’re excited to announce big updates to our Eventbrite integration: your events can now be displayed right on your WordPress.com site, no matter what theme you use!

Enjoy Eventbrite, regardless of theme

In 2013, we launched two Eventbrite themes to help you promote your events. Since then, we’ve gotten requests from users to extend that functionality more broadly on WordPress.com. Today, we’ve rolled out our Eventbrite integration to all users, which means you are no longer limited to only using the Eventbrite themes to promote your events. You can now connect to Eventbrite from any theme to highlight your events. (The existing Eventbrite themes will still be available.)

Connect to Eventbrite using Publicize

Getting started is easy — your Eventbrite connection is located alongside your other Publicize accounts in Settings → Sharing. Once you connect to Eventbrite, your events will automatically display on a page of your choice, with links to detailed views…

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ELECTORAL VIOLENCE 2013

by Mehar-un-nisa

Election campaign 2013 is being different from the previous campaigns for many reasons. There could be a long list of reasons but when it comes to consider the most significant thing then Electoral Violence seems to be  one of them. It turned out to be the bloodiest election ever happened in the history of Pakistan. Although the denizens of Pakistan are not strangers to violence but it makes difference when it happens on such a large scale. Certainly, the noticeable raise of bloodshed raises many questions in such a critical situation.

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During the entire period of campaign, the lives of the political leaders, workers, candidates, supporters were at the edge of threat. Incidents of politically-motivated violence and clashes between supporters and workers of different political parties proceeded throughout the campaign. Such incidents of political violence also expanded with the elections day approaching near. Political violence has long been a prominent feature of insecurity in Karachi but during the weeks preceding May 11th, 2013, these incidents were frequently reported from all provinces.

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A total of 148 terrorist attacks were reported across Pakistan between January 1 and May 15– most of them in the months of April and May–that targeted political leaders and workers, election candidates, offices and rallies, and polling stations. As many as 170 people were killed and another 743 were injured in these attacks.

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Out of total 148 terrorist’s attacks, 108 were perpetrated by the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and associated local Taliban and other militant groups which claimed the lives of 156 people and injured 665 others. Baloch Nationalist Insurgents carried out 40 such attacks that killed 14 people and injured another 78.

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The TTP and associates were mainly involved in carrying out such attacks in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and Karachi. Some of the attacks reported from Bolan, Kech, Kharan and Quetta districts of Balochistan were also perpetrated by the TTP.

Nonetheless, most of such attacks reported from Balochistan were carried out by different Baloch insurgent groups mainly Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) and Baloch Republican Army (BRA).

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Awami National Party (ANP) faced maximum number of terrorist attacks between January 1 and May 15 (37), followed by Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and Mutahidda Qaumi Movement (MQM) with 12 attacks each.

Aleem Adil Shiekh, a candidate of constituency (NA-127) belongs to the PPPP says, “I am not afraid of these threats. I receive calls threatening me all day long. I am here to serve people and fight for their rights.  However, we have modified our ways of electoral campaign for the security of our party workers.”

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Militants hit hard ANP and PPP in almost every region of Pakistan, MQM was frequently targeted in Karachi.

Party leaders, workers and candidates of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) were targeted in 10 terrorist attacks, mainly in Balochistan and Punjab.

Three factions of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Fazl, Sami and Nazriati or JUI-F, JUI-S and JUI-N,respectively) and Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) were also targeted by militants in parts of Sindh, Balochistan, KP and FATA.

As many as five terrorist attacks hit leaders and workers of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in KP and Punjab. Balochistan’s nationalist parties were also frequently targeted.

Meanwhile 19 attacks hit independent election candidates, their offices and rallies and 17 attacks targeted polling stations in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Militants used different attack tactics to hit their targets. Firing or direct shootout, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and bomb blasts were the most frequently used tactic by militants with 35, 27 and 26 reported attacks, respectively. Furthermore 24 hand grenades blasts, 17 remote controlled bomb blasts, nine rocket attacks, one landmine blast and three incidents of kidnapping were among the other foremost tactics used by the militants.

Talking about the violence spread in election campaign, SHO of Quaidabad police station Khalil Ahmed said, “the less expensive improvised explosive devices (IED) has been a great hurdle to control and stop the wave of violence. The terrorists can easily use them to destroy the targeted place in no time. We are trying our best to stop it as soon as possible however it will certainly take some time as it is not an easy task to do so.”

Despite of all the security measures taken by election commission of Pakistan, law enforcement agencies and caretaker government, the violence spread across the country even on the day of polling. On May 11, the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan and Baloch insurgent perpetrated 18 terrorist attacks killing 16 people and injuring 77 others.

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The high security on highly sensitive polling stations and areas didn’t make any affect at all. Instead, the conflicts facilitated the momentum of violence especially in Karachi. On the other hand, these political conflicts created the issues of rigging, physical violence and abduction.

Moreover, under these unfavorable circumstances many Government employees just refused to work in polling stations for the sake of their safety. Despite of all the actions taken against it by the care taker government, a large segment was hesitant and few denied doing so. Bilquees Akhtar, a Government teacher said,” Frankly speaking, intentionally, I cannot go to a place where I don’t feel myself safe. Being a rational person I have to take care of a lot of things.”

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Apparently, the main motives behind such deliberate manipulation of violence could be either the militancy didn’t want to hold the elections or they wanted the results of their choice.

Ms Raheela Yusuf, a lecturer, shares her views regarding the cause of this violence, “I believe that the terrorists are afraid of any change in our country. They are working on the anti-peace agenda hence cannot see the change coming after elections” she further added, “ in order to achieve their goals they are torturing people to safeguard their interests”

Political parties and public criticized the ECP, caretaker government, and law enforcement agencies for their failure to rein in terrorists. Anum Yaseen, a student of Political Science, expresses her feelings,” I think the caretaker government should have done something effective to protect the party candidates and workers.”

Due to inefficient performance of concerned authorities, people are compelled to think whether violence at that critical situation is the agenda of only militancy or it a combined shared agenda of concerned authorities with militancy. Therefore it seems like caretaker government along with law enforcement agencies and ECP is playing a role of silent spectators.

Looking on the other side of story, it can be observed although this unfavorable situation was created to create the panic, however, on some level it contributed to a good change as well, as it became the cause to unite the three liberal, democratic parties, PPPP, MQM and ANP on the same platform and to set aside their differences and helped them to work out a plane to avoid the threat.

Additionally, hesitant at first, people come out from their houses to cast their vote for the change in the country. The high turnout this year depicts the fact that people are very desperate for change. Electoral violence didn’t work well to make them afraid and force to stay at home on polling day.

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As a matter of fact, the basic objective was to halt the smooth electoral process and create the disturbance in polling which was done without any shadow of doubt. Surprisingly despite massive destruction across country, this violence indirectly reinforced the reasons-on the basis of which people move forward to caste vote and express their Opinion to bring about the change.

Province/region district No. of attacks killed Injured responsible groups targets
FATA Bajaur Agency 2 2 0 TTP            ANP, JUI-F,JI,
Khyber Agency 1 0 0 TTP            INDEPENDENT
North Wazeeristaan Agency 3 4 15 TTP             CANDIDATES
Orakzai Agency 2 23 72 TTP
South Wazeeristaan Agency 3 2 22 TTP
Frontier Regions 1 2 4 TTP
FATA TOTAL 12 33 133 TTP
KhyberPakhtoonKhuwa Bannu 1 0 0 TTP
Peshawar 12 22 71 TTP                ANP, JUI-S,
Karak 2 0 0 TTP                JUI-F, PPP,
Kohat 2 5 24 TTP                  QWP, PTI,
Lucky Marwat 1 0 0 TTP                     AJIP, JI,
Lower Dir 1 5 0 TTP               independent
Mardan 6 0 21 TTP                  candidates
Charsadda 10 3 41 Local taliban, TTP
D.I khan 2 2 3 TTP
Noshera 1 1 2 TTP
Sawabi 7 3 19 TTP
Sawat 3 1 2 TTP
Upper Dir 1 1 4 TTP
Hangu 1 12 35 TTP
KP TOTAL 50 55 222
Baluchistan Jhal Magsi 2 3 4 BLF , Nationalist Insurgents
Kalat 2 4 4 BLA
Barkhan 4 0 0 BLA,BLF,BRA
Bolan 4 0 10 BLA,TTP
Kech 4 2 5 BLA,BRA,TTP BNP-M, NP,
Kharan 1 0 5 TTP JUI-F, JUI-N,
Khuzdar 2 3 30 BLF PML-N, ANP,
Kohlu 3 0 0 BLF,BRA JI, PPP,
Mastung 2 2 1 BLF,BRA independent
Nasirabad 12 2 38 BRA,BLA candidates,
Nushki 3 1 0 BLA.BLF.TTP polling stations
Panjgur 3 0 0 BLA.BLF.TTP
Pishin 2 2 1 BLA.BLF.TTP
Quetta 12 2 38 BLA.BLF.TTP
sibi 3 2 3 BLA
TOTAL 49 90 103
Sindh Sanghar 1 0 4 Unknown militants MQM, ANP,
Shikarpur 2 0 10 TTP, Unknown Militants PPP, ST,
Karachi 25 57 276 Lej, TTP ASWJ, MDM,
Hyderabad 2 3 1 TTP TTP, JI, MWM, NPP
TOTAL 30 60 291
Punjab Mianwali 2 0 3 Unknown militants PPP, PML-N,
Multan 1 2 8 Unknown militants PTI,
Muzaffargarh 1 1 1 TPP independent
Lahore 1 0 1 Unknown militants Unknown candidates
Faisalabad 1 0 1 Unknown militants
Gujranwala 1 0 0 Unknown militants
TOTAL 7 3 14  
  TOTAL PAKISTAN 148 170 743  

Attacks on political workers, leaders and polling stations on May 11

district No. of attacks killed Injured responsible groups targets
Brakhan 1 0 0 BLF A polling Station
chardassada 1 0 0 TTP An election Office of ANP
kalat 1 2 4 BLA A polling Station
Karachi 5 12 38 TTP 2 polling stations,Eletion Office of ANP and Ji,MWM’s candidate for 253
Mardan 1 0 15 TTP A polling Station
Mastang 2 2 0 BLF 2 polling stations.
Mianwali 1 0 0 unknown militants convoy of PTI leader
Naseerabad 1 0 0 BRA A bus escorting voters back homes from polling stations
Noshki 1 0 0 BLF A polling Station
Peshawar 2 0 10 TTP 2 women’s polling stations
Quetta 2 0 10 BLA A polling Station
Total 18 16 77    

A Journey To Seek Satisfaction

by Mehar-un-nisa

Altaf Hussain, 60, quitted everything in order to become a Lawyer.  To him, it was not merely a passion but a sheer source to satisfy his soul. Ironically, he didn’t find any satisfaction in law practice at all.

In 1953, he was born in Sukkur. His father died when he was only 2 years old.  He completed his intermediate from “Cadet College Petaro”. After that he completed his B.A. from the University of Sindh. His academic record was outstanding throughout academic years.

“My parents wanted me to become a Doctor or an Engineer but it was not my wish so I preferred to decide this by my own rather than asking from others. I had my plans, indeed.” said Mr. Hussain.

In 1978 he got very first job as an Inspector in Food Department Sindh. He got fed up from the routine boring work. He didn’t find himself as doing something constructive. According to him, “It was like wasting my energy for no good. No doubt work was quite easy but it was not good enough for my self-satisfaction so I resigned.”

He got another job. He was directly appointed as a Manager in Muslim Commercial bank. He had a lot to do on this position. But soon he realized it was not his piece of cake. Therefore, after working 2 years he quit it in 1985.

“I feel very lucky not having a calculative nature. I really don’t prefer to calculate 2+2=4 all day long.” He said.” Though I was Manager I had a lot of other stuff to do but I just didn’t find satisfaction of my soul. What really I was lacking was internal peace.”

The year 1985 turned out to be the most significant year of his life. In this tear he got married to his second cousin, Rizwana. In the same year he resigned but the most important thing happened was he realized what exactly he wants to do in life.

She said.” Hanif Hussain, my elder brother was a famous lawyer. I was inspired of him. As I get close to him after I quit my job, I realized there is a lot more in life. I can become a good Lawyer and serve humanity.” he added” It was the critical period of my life I had to work hard as I was not alone. I had my family. Certainly I had to settle.”

He applied for L.L.B. in the University of Sindh. Along with study he continued to assist his brother where he learned and got a lot of experience. It was a really tough time for him to manage work and study at the same time. But he did, because he has not left with any other option.

“After getting my degree I moved to Karachi. Without the shadow of doubt, it is a center of Economic Activity. I came here, start practicing. Days were busy.” Recalling his memories he added”My days were busy in discussions with clients, studying their cases, and going to City Court. All I was doing was work day and night.”

After 5 years of his marriage he was blessed with a daughter. His family was not completed until she came in his life. He expressed his joy as “It was the most beautiful thing ever happened to me in life.”

He was enthusiastic at first but later on he felt this was not the profession he was looking for. There were black shades of corruption looming over society. Many lawyers were quite busy in making black into white. Majority of the fellows forced Altaf to cheat his clients. Altaf considered it as betrayal. He just avoided his fellow’s advices and carried on working honestly.

“Honesty is such a precious trait which is not easily found in everybody. Majority of lawyers don’t work honestly. I can see the blood of innocent people on their hands It breaks my heart.” He added “In this profession I can see man’s brutality. Judges and lawyers could be sold out. People kill others in no time. It takes away my mental peace. I see myself, more disturbed than ever before.”

He believes if every individual in the society work positively then will it end in the collective welfare of mankind. He thinks his efforts will not end in smoke. One day all this mess will be fixed and people will enjoy harmony and justice. At least his positive contribution to society will initiate a change to a small level. Life worths a try to seek self satisfaction.

Where Pakistani youth is heading?

By Mehar-un-nisa

In this digital age where the world has shrunk into a global village, youth faces enormous challenges on different religious, economical, psychological, and social grounds. Furthermore, youth in almost every country faces a huge gap between social classes thus, the nature of challenges varies throughout the world.

Taking Pakistan into consideration one can clearly see with issues surfacing like, low literacy rate, absolute poverty, unemployment, low standards of life, unhygienic environment, pollution and terrorism the growth of prosperous youth is quite difficult to dream.

A University graduate, after the completion of formal education, enters into a world where the scarcity of jobs in market forces one to indulge in prohibited activities such as addiction, crimes and terrorism hence contributes to increase disturbance at large.

The outcome is increased numbers of killings, suicide, depression, rapes, bomb blasts, extremism, lust of power, frustration, and what not!

What the need of time today is to open eyes and adopt strategies to bring about a real change in order to save youth.

The question arises how?

Open street workshops can be of great help to make youth think for social responsibility leading to a harmonious country. Creation of job opportunities in local market would motivate youth to actively work and contribute in the development of economy.

Moreover, active participation in community work between youth of different classes can actually bring them closer to each other. By such bond they will be able understand mutual problems.

responsibility-pak

Together, youth can MAKE a HUGE difference!

Cherish the diversity!

By Mehar-un-nisa

Different groups of people of various races, sects, religions, ethnicities, and colours combine laid the foundation of society. This is in accordance to the law of nature. People living in geographical boundaries do have dissimilarities which make them perfectly fine because that’s the way a society grows, with diversity. People from different background interact with each other and make the society a place to live with harmony. On glancing our society one may drawn into the sea of disappointment.

The mutual interaction between people of different ethnicity, race, sect and colour seems to be intolerant within society these days. The magnitude of lack of patience is more evident than ever before which makes a life of a lay man more miserable. No one shows flexibility in behavior. The acceptance of difference of opinion is nowhere to be seen. Moreover, some groups are deliberately trying to impose their ideologies and ideas on the others for creating distress in society. Lack of tolerance is quite visible which often results in the form of aggression, target killing, extremism, bomb blasts and terrorism.

In order to avoid this prevailing unrest in society, it is high time to start accepting difference among ideologies and people. The diversity should be cherished. One should live and let others live, too. Patience would lead the society to peace and harmony.

Diversity should be cherished

Diversity should be cherished